How to Study English

The English language can be organized in small little pieces that make learning easy.

Learning English in small little pieces is like building a hill one shovelful at a time.

Organized easy learning only requires your basic attention, time and patience.

There are a few tools that you can use to make learning English even more efficient.

Using a vocabulary diary, set of timed repetitions and mnemonic triggers can help all English language learners excel.

Sentence Master Games help students write English phrases, clauses and whole sentences.

Sentence Master games provides practical English grammar applications to understand the grammar rules and style.

Sentence Master Games help students expand their vocabulary, enhance comprehension and writing skill flexiblity.

What English Should I study to score high on English Tests?

There is only one English language.

There are a variety of programs and courses that overlap each other.
Many business English courses cover 90% of what students require to pass the TOEIC exam.
Many advanced English courses cover 90 % of what is required to pass TOEFL, TOEIC, AP,
IELTS and other English tests.

Many Toeic, toefl, IELTS courses only provide practice tests without teaching any vocabulary,
the four English skills and applied grammar practice.

Students must create a plan to increase all applied English skills, vocabulary and become
comfortable with the test requirements and answer formats.

Students should take combinations of programs to Score High on English Language tests.

For example: Advanced students could take 100 hours of business English, 200 hours of academic
preparation and 10 hours of toefl test prep and score high on the new TOEFL test .

The only secret is to have a balance of applied English skills and factual knowledge.

The following is an example of a balanced study program.

  • 20% vocabulary
  • 15% grammar comprehension
  • 15% reading comprehension
  • 15% listening comprehension
  • 15% writing skills, short answer and essay
  • 15% speaking skills
  • 5% practicing test formats
  • To have a test preparation program designed for you contact ESL in Canada

Link to original "How to Score HIGH on NEW English Tests"

How to Score HIGH on NEW English Tests

ESL English as a Second Language descriptions, definitions, explanations

English Conversation Lessons and Classes Explanations Definitions Examples

English Language Conversation Skills - pronunciation - social - cultural - non-verbal

How to Study English Plan to Learn English as a Second Language

ESL English Language Education Links

Links to ESL English Language Education Articles, websites and study resources

The ESL in Canada and Sentence Master Study English are Links to resources to assist English language students with
their English language studies.

The information articles are written to assist students with their university, college, high school, career college,
vocational training or language studies, travel, shopping selections, evaluations of products or services, culture,
education books, DVD's, Videos, Audio Tapes, C D's, internet education resources, academic websites and reference
directories to assist students with their studies and living life in Canada, the USA or UK.

Information and Study Articles for ESL English Students

The ESL English Language Education Articles are written to assist international language students with their
English language studies.

The English language skills to be studied include: grammar, vocabulary, conversation, listening, speaking,
pronunciation, accent reduction, writing and reading skills. Instructional formats for ESL English language
learning include: instruction, instructions, lesson, lessons, training sessions, training internships,
working internships, apprenticeships, student jobs, test preparation, lectures, workshops, seminars, free
classes, standard class, language classes, academic preparation, coaching sessions, mentoring sessions and
tutoring classes.

There are additional education articles in the blogs and student newsletters. Please use the links to the
left to go to your topic of choice.

Study English Links to English Education Vocabulary Lists

Mathematics Vocabulary for English Language Students

Science Vocabulary for English Language Students

Liberal Arts Vocabulary for English Language Students

Arts Vocabulary for English Language Students

Music Vocabulary for English Language Students

Drama and Dance Vocabulary for English Language Students

E business Vocabulary for English Language Students

English Vocabulary for Computer Protection

Articles for ESL English Teachers

Articles for ESL Teachers includes TESL, TEFL, CELTA, TESOL Teacher Training programs in Canada, Questions to ask
yourself, the World has changed for ESL Teachers, introduction to Accreditation, introduction to TPR - Teaching
Methodology, introduction to Accelerated Learning Strategies, ESL Web Teaching Resources and web Sites for ESL
English Teachers and English Literature Resources and Web Sites for Teachers.

Special Note for ESL English as a Second Language Teachers

Using the practice word cards in this challenge format is an excellent method of focusing the student's attention
on the 1 to 40 words in use. Teachers can confirm that the students know the various functions of the words
by parts of speech. Any missing information can be an excellent opportunity for teaching vocabulary,
language comprehension and context.

Teachers can use the Sentence Master practice word cards to teach the 1000 most used core English language words and
demonstrate the wide variety of context variations used in written English communication.

Sentence Master is the first English writing game that facilitates and reinforces the
teaching and learning of: the parts of speech, phrases, clauses and complete sentences.

The Sentence Master games are structured to provide full interactive English
communicative-methodology educational experiences for all game players. The levels of
difficulty are structured to be challenging for all ages and all English language
proficiencies. Sentence Master Games can be used in English lessons, classes, workshops,
seminars, as add-on exercises, writing practice, writing activities or as a free test.

Sentence Master games can be used to instruct and reinforce grammar rules and can be
adjusted by teachers to cover specific grammar rules, lessons, classes, modules and
topics. Using the Sentence Master Games will enable ESL teachers to teach English
vocabulary and put vocabulary lists in use to construct English sentences.

The Sentence Master game is fully compatible for use in communicative ESL teaching
formats and group work. Sentence Master Games are designed to allow communicative
group interaction during English writing and grammar skills instruction and provides
a fun activity using English grammar skills.

Using Sentence Master will provide teachers with the ability to encourage "practice,
practice and practice again" all the variables necessary to construct proper English
sentences, clauses and phrases.

We suggest using Sentence Master in English writing classes, writing exercises, lessons,
programs, curriculums, education resources, teaching material resources, educational
games, educational activities class contests. The Sentence Master Games Contests are an
excellent venue to provide writing tips, techniques, style rules, and practice specific
grammar skills writing English phrases, clauses and sentences.

Sentence Master Games Grammar Glossary

Glossary is an English term.

A glossary is a list of words or phrases used in a particular field with their definitions.
Glossaries are often found in texts, journals and academic books as an appendix to the text.

An English grammar glossary is a list of English linguistic and grammatical terms,
grammar definitions, explanations, context examples and cross-references to other
relevant English grammar terms.

An English dictionary is an alphabetical list of English words giving their definitions,
examples and grammatical classification and usually includes phonetic symbols indicating
the pronunciation. An English dictionary can also be an alphabetical list with definitions
of the key words from a profession or industry like a dictionary of medicine or computing.

An English thesaurus is an English book that organizes English words by categories and
concepts, so synonyms, near-synonyms and the opposites antonyms will be grouped together.

You can purchase the Blueprint for English Grammar Summary
which contains English language grammar reference information, examples and English vocabulary lists.

The following are a few brief examples of the many English grammar terms.

English words are classified into Eight Parts of Speech

All English words are classified. The term we use to name these classifications is
"Parts of Speech". All English words are classified into eight parts of speech: the verb,
the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and
the interjection.

The parts of speech are the building blocks of the English language.

Each English part of speech explains what the word is, how the word is used and the function
the word performs. The same English word can perform as a noun in one sentence and a verb or
adjective in the next sentence.

The verb is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb or compound verb
states something about the subject of the sentence. The verb depicts actions, events, or states of being.

noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, or abstract concepts.
A noun can function in a sentence as a subject, a direct object, an indirect object, a subject complement,
an object complement, an appositive, an adjective or an adverb.

Pronouns as a part of speech can replace a noun, another pronoun, noun phrases and perform
most of the functions of a noun.

An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. Many
consider articles: "the, a, an" to be adjectives.

An adverb can modify a verb, an adjective,
another adverb, a phrase, or a complete clause by indicating manner, time, place, cause, or degree.

preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence.

Conjunctions link words, phrases, and clauses.

An interjection is a part of speech used to show or express emotion or illustrate an exclamation.

English grammar rules are the blueprint for constructing English phrases, clauses and sentences.

English Phrases are a word or group of words used as a single value

An English word or group of words used as a single value (without either a subject or
predicate) are called phrases. English phrases tend to be larger than individual words
and are usually considered as expansions of an individual word. English phrases are
smaller than clauses or sentences as they do not have subjects and predicates or
subjects and verbs.

Phrase classifications are generally based on the headword, phrase function or phrase
construction. We refer to the central element in an English phrase as the head of
the phrase. If the head is a noun then the phrase is usually called a noun phrase.

There is some overlap when describing phrases based on either the phrase headword or
phrase function. The phrase headword can usually stand alone as a one-word phrase. The
headword is the only English word that cannot be omitted from a phrase.

There is some debate classifying phrases. In general these are the phrase types: Noun Phrase,
Verb Phrase, Adjective Phrase, Adverb Phrase, Prepositional Phrase, Gerundive Phrase,
Participial Phrase, Absolute Phrase, Infinitive Phrase and appositives.

Noun phrases perform the work of a noun in the sentence as subjects, direct objects,
indirect objects, complements or objects of prepositions.

The widest definition for verb phrases states their function as predicates of sentences.
A narrower definition of 'verb phrase' is the verbal elements: a main verb as the head,
auxiliaries, infinitive markers and other verbal particles.

Adjectival phrases are composed of the adjectives and the elements that modify the
adjectives. Adjectival phrases can occur inside noun phrases perform as modifiers to a
noun phrase or act as complements.

Adverbial phrases of one or more adverbs can modify a verb, adjective, verb phrase, an
adjectival phrase or an entire clause.

Prepositional phrases are used either adjectivally to modify nouns or noun phrases that
can act as the object or adverbially to modify verbs, adjectives, or clauses.

Gerundive phrases can perform most of the functions of a gerund or verbal noun as
subjects, objects, objects of a preposition, or even as adjectives.

Participial phrases always function as adjectives and contains the participle and the
object of the participle and any words modified by or related to the participle.

Absolute phrases modify an entire sentence and usually consist of a subject noun phrase,
a participial and any modifiers.

The infinitive phrase can perform three functions as a noun, adjective or adverb.

An appositive phrase renames, means the same thing as or further explains another noun
or pronoun and are usually placed beside what they rename.

A clause is an organized group of English Words

An English clause is an organized group of English words with a subject and predicate.

A main clause is an independent clause which can stand alone as a complete sentence.
Independent clauses also called principal or main clauses can form sentences.

A dependant clause cannot form a sentence. A subordinated clause is a dependent clause
and is not complete.

An adverbial clause is a clause that has an adverb-like function in modifying another
clause similar to the way adverbs modify verbs. Adverbial clauses can modify an entire
independent clause or another subordinate clause to which they might be attached.
Adverbial clauses describe time of the event, place of the event, manner of the event,
cause of the event or condition for the event.

A relative clause is a subordinate clause that modifies nouns and pronouns. Relative
clauses are adjectival and they occur after the modified noun or pronoun. Relative
clauses give essential information to define or identify the noun or pronoun.

Nominal clauses function as nouns and may be replaced with a pronoun. Like a noun, a
nominal clause names a person, place, thing, or idea. A nominal clause may function in a
sentence as a subject, subjective complement, appositive, object of preposition, direct
object or indirect object.

A compound sentence contains two or more principal clauses.

A complex sentence contains a principal clause and one or more dependant or subordinate clauses.

A compound sentence can combine with another subordinate clause to form a
compound-complex sentence. A compound-complex sentence contains two principal
clauses and one or more subordinate clauses.

English sentences are organized groups of English words.

An English sentence is an organized group of English words expressing a complete thought. The two
fundamental parts of every English sentence are the subject and predicate. The subject
names the topic and the predicate tells about the subject. Subjects can also be
described as the component that performs the action as described by the predicate.

To construct a simple English sentence the writer has to create a subject, a predicate and
express a complete thought.

The simple formula: Subject + Predicate = SENTENCE

A predicate must have a verb. A verb shows action or state of being. To construct a
simple English sentence the writer has to create a subject, place a verb in the predicate and
express a complete thought.

A more accurate formula: Subject + Predicate containing a Verb = SENTENCE

An abbreviation is a shortened form of an English word.

An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or expression. Abbreviation is a word
created from the Latin word brevis for "short". Usually an abbreviation consists of a
letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase.

As an example, the word "abbreviation" can itself be represented by the abbreviation "abbr"

For the sake of convenience, many British publications have completely done away with
the use of periods in all abbreviations.

Publications based in the U.S. tend to follow three different style guides. Some two-word
abbreviations, like "United Nations", are abbreviated with uppercase letters and periods,
and others, like "personal computer" (PC) and "compact disc" (CD), are not.

In general if the original word was capitalized, then the first letter of its abbreviation should
retain the capital, for example Ont. for Ontario. When abbreviating words spelled with
lower case letters usually there is no need for capitalization.

Example abbreviations of grammatical terms:

a. = adjective;

adv. = adverb;

imp. = imperfect;

n. = noun;

pass. = passive;

p.p. = past participle; = present participle;

pref. = prefix;

prep. = preposition;

pres. = present;

subj. = subjunctive;

v.i. = intransitive verb;

v.t. = transitive verb.

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